The Hylocereus genus and an unknown species are where the Red Jaina Dragon Fruit comes from. This variety doesn’t pollinate itself, so it needs to be crossed with another to produce fruit.
When it’s fully grown, this variety is one of the ones that makes the most fruit. Most fruits weigh between 240g and 450g. The fruit is good to eat and is only slightly sweet, but its best use is as a juice ingredient. The lycopene-rich red juice could go well with a variety of tropical drinks, smoothies, and food dishes. Like most fruits with red flesh, this one has a lot of antioxidants. The stems are soft and have medium-sized spines on three sides.
Vietnamese red dragon fruit plant blooms in May and June, and it bears fruit from August to December. After 16 to 18 months from when the plant was first put in the ground, it starts to bear fruit.
Dragon fruits are ready to be picked after a month of blooming. It has the most beautiful fruit in the Cactaceae family. It has a huge shape, bright red skin with green scales, no spines on the outside, and red flesh with tiny black seeds that are easy to swallow. Average fruit weight is 450 g. The fruit doesn’t go through a climacteric stage, and it tastes best when it’s fully red. The juicy flesh of the fruit, which makes up 70–80% of the ripe fruit, has a great taste.
The types of pitaya with red flesh are full of antioxidants. It has a lot of beta-carotene. Lycopene. Vitamins E, C, phosphorus, and calcium all help build strong bones, teeth, and skin, and they also have essential fatty acids. i.e. 48 percent linoleic acid and 1.5 percent linolenic acid.
The table shows what the average Red Jaina dragon fruit is made of:
|Composition / amount||Per 100 gm of pulp|
|Crude fiber (g)||0.7-0.9|
|Vitamin A (ug)||5|
|Energy value (kcal)||54|
How to Plant
A dragon fruit plant is a tropical plant that can live outside all year. If you don’t live in warm places, it’s best to plant Vietnam Giant Red in a pot. This will let you bring the pot and plant inside when it gets cold outside. Don’t forget that a pitaya tree needs a big pot. You might also want to buy a cart or put wheels on your pot.
Pitahaya is an epiphytic, climbing cactus from Central America. In its habitat, it is found in forests, or climbing up trees and attaching itself with its adventitious roots. The cladodes (stems) are green with thorns on the edges. A tutor system is necessary to support the cladodes as it grows.
Dragon fruit can make its own seeds. This means that you only need to plant one plant to get fruit. But if you have more plants, you can get a bigger harvest. This plant can also be grown from the seeds in the fruit. Cut the fruit in half to do this. Then take out the seeds with a spoon and wash them. Once the seeds are dry, you can put them in potting soil. Put the seeds in the soil and cover them with a piece of plastic wrap. Let the soil stay wet for another 10 to 15 days before it starts to grow.
|Plant type:||Fruiting cactus vine|
|Harvest season:||Ripe late fall - early spring|
|Soil & moisture:||Well-drained, loose sandy cactus mix. A well draining, sandy soil. Water only when soil dries out completely.|
|Light requirements:||Full Sun, part shade in warmer climates. % sun |
|Self-pollinating:||No. This variety needs to be crossed with other varieties|
|Pulp color:||Dark red|
|Taste:||Delicious sweet taste|
|Mature size:||Thick fleshy stems can reach up to 20 ft.|
|Zone hardiness:||Outdoors 9-11 (frost protection until established). Patio / greenhouse zone 4a-11|
|Flavor:||3 out of 5|
|Appearance:||3 out of 5|
|Growing:||5 out of 5|
|Home planting:||1 out of 5|
|Commercial planting:||4 out of 5|
Once they have started to grow, you can move them to a slightly bigger pot. If you are lucky enough to have a friend with mother plants, you can ask them for a cutting. Let the ends dry for a few more days after this is done. Once your piece is dry, you can plant it about two inches deep in the ground. The soil should stay moist without getting too wet. In about three to four weeks, your plant should start to grow. It could take up to two years before it starts to bear fruit.
Flowers are nocturnal and are produced in the areoles of the cladodes. The bud, in general, is narrow elliptical in shape with an angled apex. The time from the time the flower bud is visible until flower anthesis is between 17 and 24 days. The flowers are erect and when they open, they are oriented to look for moonlight or sunlight during the first or last hours of the day. The flower opening period is from sunset to early morning hours.
The fruit is an oval-shaped berry, elongated and in some cases round. The skin is composed of protruding formations called bracts, which are scaly, fleshy and waxy consistency. The quantity and size vary depending on the variety.
Unlike most cacti, which come from deserts, pitaya comes from places that get between 1,730 and 2,540 mm of rain per year. For plants to grow well, they need 500-1500 mm of rain on average each year. When it rains too much, the flowers may fall off and the fruit may go bad. This table shows what the Dragon fruit needs to grow well.
|Climatic factor||Optimum condition|
|Altitude (m)||Up to 1:700|
|Rainfall (mm year)||500-2,000 (with alternative dry and wet period)|
|Soil||Well drained red yellow podzolic, lateritic soil and reddish brown earth|
They should be grown in semi-shade or direct sun but be careful that solar radiation does not spoil them. In this case they should be covered with shade netting.
If you want to grow a dragon fruit plant, you need to make sure you’re doing everything right. Even though the fruit looks a little strange, it tastes great in a tropical fruit salad. How does pitaya grow, then? You can grow this plant in many different ways. Let’s talk about them.
From the Seed to the Fruit
To grow dragon fruit from seeds, you only need a few tools and a lot of time. First, you need to buy an organic dragon fruit from your local grocery store and scoop out the seeds you’ll use to plant it. Next, make sure you wash the seeds well and let them dry overnight before you plant them in a tray of moist soil in a seed-starting tray. Lastly, give the seeds two weeks to grow, which is how long it takes for seeds to sprout.
You should also water the seedlings sparingly and check to see if the soil is dry before giving them more water. Lastly, be patient and don’t expect to get a healthy harvest of dragonfruit right away. It can take 5 to 7 years for a plant grown from seeds to reach maturity and start making fruit. Know that you’re not the only one who’s shocked 🙂
How to Plant Cuttings of Dragon Fruit
It is usually easy to grow new pitahaya plants from cuttings. Find someone who has a dragon fruit tree first. Second, cut a 30-centimeter piece of dragon fruit and let it dry for 5 or 6 days. You can also let the cut end dry until it turns white. Once it’s dry, put the cut side down in sandy cactus soil and make sure to water it once a month.
If you water the plant for one month, it will send out roots and start to feel at home in that environment. It will keep growing as long as you keep watering it. It’s as simple as that. But if you use this method, you will also need to be patient because it will take between 1 and 3 years before you can start picking dragon fruits. Still, this is an easy way to grow dragon fruit because it takes less time than starting from seeds.
This type of pitahaya is one of the best. It comes from Central America and has red fruit with dark red flesh. With an average fruit weight of 200 to 300 grams, this variety has a medium to high yield. It grows well in a wide range of conditions and soil types. This variety is very good for making juice from. In this study, plants that had been planted 2 m apart and were 6 months old were used.
Before eating “Vietnam Red” dragon fruit, there are many things to think about. But as you’ve seen in this post, we’ve given you the detailed information you need to fully understand this type of fruit, including its health benefits and features, how it’s grown. So, if you want to buy the fruit, you now know what you need to know about it.