Sin Espinas dragon fruit is one of the most common types that farmers in Nicaragua grow. Sin Espinas means “No Spines” or “No Thorns” in Spanish. The fruit needs to be pollinated by another plant.
The Sin Espinas type of dragonfruit comes from the genus Hylocereus and a Nicaraguan species whose name is unknown. It is one of five varieties that are known to be grown commercially there, but it is the only one that doesn’t have thorns.
The fruit will get sweeter the longer it stays on the plant. It has a thick pink skin with green fins and the inside is a deep red color. The flesh is firm and tastes sweet and sour, like a cherry. The average weight was 1 to 1.5 pounds, and the brix was 17. Like most fruits with red flesh, this one has a lot of antioxidants.
|Flesh color:||Deep red|
|Days to harvest:||~30-45|
|Weather tolerance:||3 out of 5|
|Fruit production:||4 out of 5|
|Flavor:||5 out of 5|
|Growing:||3 out of 5|
Stems are thin and very light, mature stems are brownish green. Considered spineless, but has 1-2 very small spines per areole, 0.5-1 mm long. Segment between areoles is convex and 43 mm long. Flowers are small, with white petals, a light yellow calyx, and light yellow anthers and stigmas.
In South Louisiana, it usually takes 30 days for a flower bud to turn into a night-blooming flower, and then another 30 days to harvest. And it takes 43 days from bloom to harvest in Southern California, and it can be picked from early June to late December. Low tolerance to cold and heat. Best for protected or indoor production.
The fruit is round, medium-sized, and weighs 393 grams. Its skin is thick, pinkish-red, and shiny, and its flesh is very firm and dark red when it’s ready. The fact that it doesn’t have thorns is the most interesting thing about it.
Good-tasting red-fleshed fruit with a glossy, pinkish-red skin that is good for home gardens and growing indoors.