The tropical Vietnamese Jaina Dragon Fruit (also called V. Jaina, Vietnam Jaina, Vietnamese white Giant or H. undatus hybrid) has white flesh and is a very good kind of fruiting cactus vine. It can handle drought, pests, diseases, sun, and shade well and has a great taste. It will do very well in a pot or on a trellis. The fruits are oval and weigh about a pound and a half and are five inches long on average.
Dragon Fruit comes from South America, where it grows on a cactus. People in the area call it Pitahaya. The cactus is an ornamental vine that climbs and has a big, beautiful flower (between 10 and 16 inches in diameter). Blooms late in the season, from September to October. They only bloom at night and usually only for one night, because pollination is needed for fruit to form. Pitahaya plants can have up to 4-6 fruiting cycles per year when they are producing at full capacity.
Vietnam exports more fruit of this variety than any other. The fruit is big and usually weighs between 0.5 and 1.5 pounds. It has a semisweet, white pulp that looks like snow.
|Type:||Succulents & cacti|
|Zone:||Planted 9-11 if potted can grow in zones 4-8|
|Soil type:||Rich moist, well-drained|
|Light:||Full sun (80-100%)|
|Average mature height:||15-20 feet|
|Flavor:||2 out of 5|
|Fruit production:||4 out of 5|
|Appearance:||5 out of 5|
|Home planting:||4 out of 5|
|Commercial planting:||5 out of 5|
In fact, growers and consumers all over the world love this variety because of the striking difference in color between the inside and outside of the fruit, as well as its large size. This variety is self pollinating, and it will set fruit without being hand pollinated. Depending on the weather where you live, the fruits are ready to pick in late November or December.
Even though Dragon Fruit plants do best in sandy, loose soil that drains well, keep in mind that they need certain nutrients to grow well and make good fruit. The best soil for these plants is one that has a lot of humus and holds a lot of water.
People like to eat the fruit cold. It is also used to make drinks and baked goods taste better. Flowerbuds that haven’t opened yet can be cooked and eaten as a vegetable.
It grows very much like “Vietnamese White” and “Bien Hoa White“. The color of the outside of the fruit and the color of the pulp are also very similar between these two varieties. This variety, however, has a more oval shape. Huge fruits, with most weighing more than 1 pound and some weighing 2 pounds.
- Extremely good looking fruit with pinkish red skin and long bracts;
- Fruit is oval, weighs >338 grams, has a pinkish-red, thin skin, and white, very firm flesh;
- 15.6 Brix;
- 40 days from bloom to harvest, mid-July to mid-October;
- It will do very well in a pot or on a trellis;
- Dragon fruit is a type of cactus that grows quickly. During the growing season, it can grow up to 1 foot per day;
- The plant has thin, triangular stems with 3 distinct ridges. Mature stems are green with a brown, hard edge on the ridges. The areoles have 4-6 spines that are randomly arranged and are 1-3 mm long. The segment between the areoles is convex and is 50.3 mm long. The flowers have white petals, a light yellow calyx, and bright yellow anthers and stigmas;
- Tolerance to cold and heat average;
- Usually has trouble when it’s cold and damp.
A large fruit with a red waxy skin and white flesh on the inside, with small soft seeds that can be eaten. Compared to the others, the Giant Vietnamese is a strong grower. The fruits are heavy and can weigh up to or more than 1 kilogram.
Vietnam White Giant has pretty flowers and is a great pollinator, but it doesn’t taste very good because it doesn’t have much flavor. This makes it great for mixing with other fruits, for example. All kinds of plants, including the Giant V. Jaina pitahaya plant, like a little bit of shade on the ground.
Some people call dragon fruits pitaya or orchid cactus. Dragonfruit looks like a vine that grows from a succulent. It has beautiful, large, white flowers that bloom at night, followed by bright, exotic fruit. The plant does very well in pots and is often tied to a trellis.
For people who can grow them outside, they are both a nice decoration and a good source of food. Compared to other varieties, this one doesn’t need as much care. Self-fertile means that Jaina can make fruit without the help of another variety. On a trellis, fence, or wall, put them 8 to 10 feet apart. Or, grow it in a pot in the greenhouse or inside. As the plant grows, move it to bigger pots.